Refers to the sounds that come out of your child's mouth, and take shape in the form of words


Refers to how your child pronounces individual words. Often known as their "clarity of speech" (caw/car)


The ability to produce and discriminate specific sounds of English language (guck/duck, gook/book)

Oral Motor Function/Feeding

The ability of your child's jaw, tongue, lips, and other muscles to move adequately for clear speech production and swallowing


The steady flow of speech.


The quality and volume of vocal output

Expressive Language

refers to the ability to express one's wants and needs. Pulling a parent or pointing toward a wanted item to get needs metGesturing/signing to get a want or need. Spoken language Syntax/Grammar-use of language rules Semantics/Vocabulary- variety of word use

Receptive Language

Refers to the ability to understand and comprehend information

  • Maintains attention towards speaker
  • Comprehends verbal or gestured messages
  • Follows simple directions
  • Ability to focus on people/items talked about in conversation
  • Points to pictures or items when named


Refers to the social uses of language

  • Eye contact

  • Turn taking in conversation

  • Uses appropriate words in social conversation

  • Takes the perspective of the listener

  • Understands and appropriately uses body language and expressions

Auditory Processing

Refers to one's ability to understand and process/decode spoken language.

  • The ability to stay focused on one conversation when other distractions are occurring
  • Actively listening to the speaker
  • Ability to hear differences between sounds and words (auditory discrimination)
  • Ability to follow directions/answer question when given verbally
  • Ability to sound out words when reading